This tiger wood has 3 types with an array of application. Learn what type is suited to fill a purpose/ Also, Know what each type pros and cons for each application.
Tiger wood is known as wood with exotic pattern. If not, it is the most exotic wood known to man. This Tiger Wood is also known as other names like African Walnut, Zorrowood, Bototo. Brazilian Koa or Congowood among some other names.
The colors of this wood is of tan brown color in quite moderate tone. Plus, some mixture of red and orange undertones. This color is light and feels warmth. However, the colors also darkens when years pass by. These qualities make the wood need no stain when we want to use it.
And, the “tiger” word here comes from its unique tiger-like striping of darker colors.
Doesn’t it looks like a tiger’s skin?
This makes the wood so special. It is one of the most desired wood for flooring and furnishing.
As the hardness quality, tiger wood is impressive hardwood with Janka Hardness score of 2,170 lbf. It is dense and has natural luster. This tiger wood can be cut in a way to show its oily and metallic appearance. The wood’s distinctive features.
This wood wasn’t popular until 1900. It was time when the wood was introduced to the USA. Before this time, the wood is used mainly for musical instrument. Sure, it seemd because of its artistic quality. But, as soon as its quality shines, the uses of the wood increased in numbers.
Common Name(s): Goncalo Alves, Tigerwood, Jobillo
Scientific Name: Astronium spp. (A. graveolens and A. fraxinifolium)
Distribution: From Mexico southward to Brazil
Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 57 lbs/ft3 (905 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .80, .91
Janka Hardness: 2,170 lbf (9,640 N)
However, the hardness score depends on the region where the wood is grown. Comparing to Red Oak with 1210 Janka Hardness, the Tigerwood is 67% harder.
The imported, Brazilian version of tigerwood is known as very resistant to rot and decoy. The wood doesn’t attract mold or fungus and is good for exterior use. The property of the wood also is very hard for denting yet pretty resistant to twisting.
With minimal checking ad warping, tigerwood can easily air dry. Which is really great to maintain its size from shrinkage as well as expansion.
The reccomennded use for tigerwood include: outdoor furniture, boat building, decking, shutters. It is a wood with amazing water resistant properties for boat building.
However, with its beautiful appearance, the wood proves to be excelent wood for jewelry boxes, furniture, pistol grip or knife handles or other accessories and carvings.
Moisture and Tiger Wood
Moisture Content ( MC ) Play very importannt role to the longevity and performance of every wood type. Wood absorbs water in some different ways. The water content is the determining factor of its performance and fitness to a certain use.
Tiger Wood usually is dried at lower level of moisture for flooring. However, it is normal for any wood to be dried to reach its normal balance with the environment it is being used.
This is the state where we can say the wood reaches “equilibrium moisture content” or EMC . This is the key number for moisture content level in every wood. This number is vital to the performance of the Tiger Wood. This number is the first thing to consider in preventing any moisture-related problems the Tigerwood may have in the future.
Working with Tigerwood with hand tools is not easy. The wood is hard and make the tools blunt. Putting nails also need pre-drilled holes. The wood consists of hard and soft layers that should be better cut at reduced angles.
On the plus side, we can glue the wood pretty easy, seal the wood and the wood itself weathers easily too. More sunlight it receives, the darker the wood will be.
Tigerwood Species Lovoa Trichilioides
The family of the tree is Meliaceae. The tree is evergreen and tall tree with heigh that can reach 45 meters. So tall so we can get wood long enough for anything. This wood type is commonly grow in Africa. Angola, Uganda, Congo or Angola are the main sources of the wood. However, the wood generally is highly exploited. In Congo, Tiger Wood is one of 2 incredible quality timbers.
The wood usually needs shade when growing. However, older tree may want more sun than the young tree. But, the highest Lovoa Trichiliodes ever found in the USA would grow slower when the sun is hotter.
This wood species has yellowish brown color and often come as combination of black with golden markings.
Different from the previous wood species, this wood is originated from latin us. Espacially, it grows in places like Brazil, Paraguay and Brazil. The color of Goncalo Alves wood ranges from light golden brown reddish brown, often with dark and brown streaks.
This wood is heavy but there’s also some disadvantages for the tools.
One use of Goncalo Alves Tiger Wood as ornamental wood:
This species of Tiger Wood also is one of highly esteemed. The wood has some famous names like Zebrawood or Kingwood.
This wood, just like any other Tigerwood, is hard to cut and is mechanically resistant. . The colors tend to darker from dark to light red. This wood also starts its color from light yellow color. But, grows darker as the wood exposed more to the sun.
Flooring with Tigerwood
This wood is very high quality and is highly sought after wood. Floowing is one of the best use for this wood. The wood is pretty resistant to dent and scratches. However, there are also some cons regarding the Tiger Wood as flooring material.
The plus side:
Attractive and pleasing looking
The look of this wood is appealing. It why the wood is loved besides its durability factor. As a furniture pieces, the wood looks stunning and also very durable. A lifetime furniture with lifetime beauty.
The 2nd most prominent factor is its durability. Not only because the wood is extremely hard, but also has great resistance againts decay, fungi and moth and termite.
The cons side:
The color turns really dark over time
This is the main cons if you do mind having dark wood for your home. If your idea is light-colored home with is warmth and fresh ambiance, someday the warmth might turn into classic ambiance.
And this is even more pronounced with wood exposed everyday under the sun. Well, it happens to many other woods. Some darken and some lighten.
Causes allergic reactions
Tiger Wood causes allergic reaction and is not quite compatible as DIY wood. Especially for begginer. You may resist the temptation to do anything yourself. Or, learn how to overcome the allergic reaction if necesarry.